Home Forums 3D Material Selection Material Types

Viewing 1 post (of 1 total)
  • Author
    Posts
  • #906
    Threedee
    Keymaster

    Well come to the material type section here we discuss material selection and specifications to help guide you according to needs:

    There are a few well established filaments used in the market today.

  • PLA
    ABS
    TPU
    PETG

  • All of these have composites which have other materials embedded in them, which include but not limited to:
    Wood
    Metal
    Biodegradable (bioFila)
    Conductive
    Glow-in-the-Dark
    Magnetic

    Purpose:
    PLA
    Strength: High | Flexibility: Low | Durability: Medium
    Difficulty to use: Low/li>
    Print temperature: 180°C – 230°C
    Print bed temperature: 20°C – 60°C (but not needed)
    Shrinkage/warping: Minimal
    Soluble: No
    Food safety: Relatively safe but depends on rating

    Pros: Easy to print, wide variety of colors/styles, biodegradable
    Cons: Brittle, lackluster mechanical properties

    ABS

    Strength: High | Flexibility: Medium | Durability: High
    Difficulty to use: Medium
    Print temperature: 210°C – 250°C
    Print bed temperature: 80°C – 110°C
    Shrinkage/warping: Considerable
    Soluble: In esters, ketones, and acetone
    Food safety: Not food safe

    Pros: High strength, high durability, resistant to high temperatures
    Cons: Warps easily, hazardous fumes, requires high-temperature print nozzle

    TPU/TPC/TPE (flexible)

    Strength: Medium | Flexibility: Very High| Durability: Very High
    Difficulty to use: Medium (TPE, TPC); Low(TPU)
    Print temperature: 210°C – 230°C
    Print bed temperature: 30°C – 60°C (but not needed)
    Shrinkage/warping: Minimal
    Soluble: No
    Food safety: Not food safe

    Pros: Extremely flexible, perfect for parts that bend or compress
    Cons: Difficult to print, requires tight filament path and slow print speed

    Nylon

    Strength: High | Flexibility: High | Durability: High
    Difficulty to use: Medium
    Print temperature: 240°C – 260°C
    Print bed temperature: 70°C – 100°C
    Shrinkage/warping: Considerable
    Soluble: No
    Food safety: Refer to manufacturer guidelines

    Pros: High strength, high flexibility, high durability
    Cons: Typically expensive, susceptible to moisture, requires high nozzle and print bed temperature

    PC (polycarbonate)

    Strength: Very High| Flexibility: Medium | Durability: Very High
    Difficulty to use: Medium
    Print temperature: 270°C – 310°C
    Print bed temperature: 90°C – 110°C
    Shrinkage/warping: Considerable
    Soluble: No
    Food safety: Not food safe

    Pros: Extremely strong, resistant to heat and physical impact
    Cons: Susceptible to moisture, requires very high print temperature

    PETG

    Strength: High| Flexibility: Medium | Durability: High
    Difficulty to use: Low
    Print temperature: 220°C – 250°C
    Print bed temperature: 50°C – 75°C
    Shrinkage/warping: Minimal
    Soluble: No
    Food safety: Refer to manufacturer guidelines

    Pros: Flexible, durable, easy to print
    Cons: Susceptible to moisture, surface scratches easily

    Attention:

    • This topic was modified 3 months, 2 weeks ago by Threedee.
Viewing 1 post (of 1 total)
  • You must be logged in to reply to this topic.